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Benefits of Genetic Testing The human body is very complex. The human body is made up of millions of cells that contain the fundamental unit of humans’ identity called deoxyribonucleic acid or alternatively referred to as DNA. DNA consists of genes that determine the unique qualities found in every person. The genes also play an important role in the health of the people. In the modern medical world, genetic research plays an important role. The genetic evaluations are performed on the blood or tissue samples of the subject. There are a lot of reasons why genetic testing is now crucial. Some of them are discussed below. Probably the most frequent use of DNA testing is when conducting paternity tests. For various reasons a person may not be sure whether a child is theirs or not or one may want to know whether the identity of their parent. The DNA structure of parents usually has some similarities with that of their kids. This is the reason why parents and children have a lot in common and resemble each other. Assessing the DNA of the parent and the child might help find out whether the kid is daughter or the son of the parent. As a result of genetic testing many people have been able to find their long lost relatives. Information from DNA tests has also been used in legal battles for instance in child support suits. Another importance of genetic tests is in detecting diseases which a person may be suffering from or at risk of suffering from. Many conditions and disorders have their origins in our genes. Some diseases are also passed down through generations from parents to their kids using genes. A mutation in a person’s genes can also lead to growth of a disease. Genetic tests helps detect anomalies inside the persons genes which will help prevent, detect and treat diseases.
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Physicians also use genetic testing when conducting tests on newborn and unborn babies. There is a lot of controversy surrounding prenatal genetic testing but most doctors can agree it can go a long way in detecting diseases an infant is likely to be affected by. Early detection helps start treatment as soon as the baby is born. Using newborn screening doctors are able to determine the diseases your child is at risk of contracting and finding solutions in the early stages.
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DNA testing has also been used in the legal world when collecting and presenting evidence in court. DNA tests are conducted on evidence like blood and hair strands found in crime scenes to determine the person who was involved. Genetic testing has helped solve many crimes by placing suspects at crime scenes. In addition, genetic tests have helped free people who may have been wrongfully convicted.